引用本文:唐秋萍,张毅,王伟.化工企业拆迁场地健康风险评价[J].环境监控与预警,2010,2(4):7-11
TANG Qiu-ping,ZHANG Yi,WANG Wei.Health Risk Assessment on Demolished Sites of Chemical Enterprises[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2010,2(4):7-11
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化工企业拆迁场地健康风险评价
唐秋萍,张毅,王伟
环境保护部南京环境科学研究所,江苏 南京 210042
摘要:
随着城市的发展,越来越多的工业企业逐步搬迁出主城区,遗留下的场地将会用作商业或居住用地,对这些拆迁场地如不加强环境管理,可能会对公众健康造成危害。以化工企业拆迁场地为例,按照危害识别、暴露评估、毒性评估、风险表征4个步骤,介绍了健康风险评价的一般方法,着重介绍了“危害识别”步骤中对于化工企业拆迁场地环境调查方面的方法与注意事项。最后指出了我国在污染场地健康风险评价方面的不足,并提出了相应的建议。
关键词:  化工企业  污染场地  健康风险评价
DOI:
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基金项目:
Health Risk Assessment on Demolished Sites of Chemical Enterprises
TANG Qiu-ping,ZHANG Yi,WANG Wei
Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science ,Ministry of Environmental Protection ,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210042 ,China
Abstract:
With the development of urbanization in China, more and more industrial enterprises would be removed out of urban areas. If not properly managed,the remaining sites which would be redeveloped for business or construction may pose health risk to the public. The method of health risk assessment on chemical industry demolished sites was introduced in 4 steps : hazard identification, exposure assessment, toxicity assessment and risk characterization. Focused on methods and attentions on site investigation of chemical industry demolished sites in the "hazard identification" step. Discussed the difficulties in assessing the health risk of contaminated sites in China and some advices were put forward.
Key words:  chemical industrial enterprise  contaminated site  health risk assessment