引用本文:刘在平,张松林.斑马鱼在环境检测领域中的应用[J].环境监控与预警,2011,3(01):17-20
.Application of Zebrafish in the Field of Environmental Detection[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2011,3(01):17-20
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斑马鱼在环境检测领域中的应用
刘在平, 张松林
西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院,甘肃 兰州 730070
摘要:
斑马鱼易饲养、易管理,体外受精和体外发育,可常年产卵、孵化,因此早期被作为模型动物广泛用于生物学研究中。近年来,随着环境问题日益突出,迫切需要有效、全面的环境监测手段和方法。斑马鱼或其转基因品种就是非常好的环境监测首选生物。因其对许多环境污染物十分敏感,可实时检测进入水环境的污染物。对斑马鱼在水体中重金属毒性、环境激素、综合毒性、生物诱导和有机污染物毒性检测等方面的应用进行了初步讨论,以期为相关研究和应用提供参考。
关键词:  斑马鱼  环境检测  应用  毒性检测  环境激素  生物诱导
DOI:
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基金项目:甘肃省自然科学基金项目(2007GS.3614),甘肃省教育厅基金项目(0801-08)
Application of Zebrafish in the Field of Environmental Detection
Abstract:
Zebrafish was raised and managed easily, fertilized and developed in vitro, and layed eggs and hatched throughout the year, such being used widely in biology study as animal model. In recent years, along with the water environment problem, it needed urgently effective and comprehensive environmental monitoring methods. Zebrafish or genetically modified Zebrafish were the best choice of water environment monitoring. They were more sensitive to environmental pollutants, and detected real-timely environmental pollutants in water. Therefore, the application of zebrafish in heavy metal toxicity, environmental hormone testing, water quality inspection, biological exutory testing, and organic pollutant toxicity was discussed preliminarily, so as to provide reference for relevant research and application.
Key words:  Zebrafish  environmental detection  application  toxicity test  environmental hormone  biological induction