引用本文:韩玉婷,黄蕾.基于风险评估模型的环境风险地图研究[J].环境监控与预警,2012,4(4):8-12
.Environmental Risk Mapping based on Risk Assessment Models[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2012,4(4):8-12
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基于风险评估模型的环境风险地图研究
韩玉婷,黄蕾
污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室,南京大学环境学院,江苏 南京 210046
摘要:
环境风险地图基于地理信息系统(GIS)对信息和数据的空间分析,通过各种风险评估或预测模型,将评估的结果以空间方式展示出来。由于环境风险地图直观、信息量大的优点,有助于环境风险管理以及突发事件的应急反应和实时决策。对风险地图种类作了概述,总结风险制图中需注意的问题以及国内外风险地图的应用研究以及发展情况。
关键词:  风险评估  环境风险地图  地理信息系统  风险管理
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基金项目:国家自然科学青年基金项目(40901266);国家水体污染与治理科技重大专项项目(2009ZX07527-008);国家水体污染与治理科技重大专项项目(2008ZX07528-005)
Environmental Risk Mapping based on Risk Assessment Models
Abstract:
With the application of Geographic Information Systems, environmental risk map displays the result of risk assessment in spatial way on the basis of analysis of environmental information and data by various risk assessments or prediction models. Environmental risk map helps environmental risk management, emergency response and real-time decision-making because of its perceptual intuition and broad coverage. This paper presented an overview of the main types of risk maps and summarized the key issues during mapping. At last, the application and development of risk map at home and abroad were briefly discussed.
Key words:  risk assessment  environmental risk map  geographic information systems  risk management