引用本文:储燕萍.上海浦东国际机场飞机尾气排放对机场附近空气质量的影响[J].环境监控与预警,2013,5(4):50-56
CHU Yan ping.The Influence of the Aircraft Exhaust Emissions on Air Quality near Shanghai Pudong International Airport[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2013,5(4):50-56
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上海浦东国际机场飞机尾气排放对机场附近空气质量的影响
储燕萍
上海市浦东新区环境监测站
摘要:
统计2012年10月和11月浦东机场飞机机型和航班架次,根据各类飞机起降的污染物排放设计工作参数,估算出2012年浦东机场飞机起降时排放的NO2、SO2、CO和HC的估算值。利用浦东新区13个空气监测子站二氧化氮和二氧化硫数据绘制等值线图。结果显示,机场所在的江镇点位和祝桥点位二氧化氮浓度变化受飞机影响很大,而飞机排放的二氧化硫对两个点位的影响可以忽略不计。建议采用改进飞机滑行路线、探讨征收飞机碳排放税等措施减少飞机尾气排放对空气质量的影响。
关键词:  浦东国际机场  飞机尾气排放  NO2  SO2  估算  等值线图
DOI:
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基金项目:江苏省环境监测科研基金项目(1107)
The Influence of the Aircraft Exhaust Emissions on Air Quality near Shanghai Pudong International Airport
CHU Yan ping
Shanghai Pudong New Area Environmental Monitoring Station
Abstract:
Counting aircraft types and flights in October and November in 2012 and according to design parameters of various aircraft exhaust emissions, the estimations of the emission about NO2, SO2, CO and CmHn values are achieved. Using NO2 and SO2 automatic on line monitoring data by 13 air monitoring station of Pudong New Area, draw NO2 and SO2 isoline map. The results show, the NO2 concentrations of Jiangzhen point and Zhuqiao point are effected obviously by the aeroengine exhaust emissions where Pudong International Airport is located, but the SO2 concentrations of Jiangzhen point and Zhuqiao point are not effected by the aeroengine exhaust emissions. Suggestions for improving the glide path, reduce the sliding time; improve design of aircraft engine, develop the new green aircraft; levy aircraft carbon tax, reduce the amount of aircraft flight.
Key words:  Shanghai Pudong International Airport  aircraft exhaust emission  nitrogen oxide  sulfur dioxide  estimation  isoline map