引用本文:.京杭运河常州段泥水界面无机氮交换过程模拟研究[J].环境监控与预警,2013,5(3):12-15
.Simulated Study on the Exchange of the Inorganic Nitrogen (IN) at the Sediment water Interface in Changzhou Segment of the Grand Canal[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2013,5(3):12-15
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京杭运河常州段泥水界面无机氮交换过程模拟研究
作者单位
摘要:
分别在枯水期、平水期、丰水期利用原柱样静态释放实验对京杭运河常州段4个点位的无机氮界面交换过程进行模拟,并借助模拟结果对运河不同形态氮的界面循环过程进行了初步探讨。结果表明,全年NH+ 4-N界面交换特征均表现为底泥向上覆水体释放,平均交换速率比较结果为平水期[182.3mg/(m2 ?d)]>丰水期[94.0mg/(m2?d)]>枯水期[29.5mg/(m2?d)],而底泥污染严重的下游点位释放通量高于其他断面;丰水期底泥为上覆水NO-3-N的源,平水期和丰水期则成汇,且平水期底泥平均吸附速率若为枯水期的6倍;全年NO-2-N交换过程表现底泥吸附的特征,枯水期交换速率极低,全年底泥DIN(总无机氮)输入量>输出量,底泥对高浓度上覆水NO-3-N的吸附作用可能是底泥污染逐渐加重的原因。
关键词:  泥水界面  无机氮  交换通量  京杭大运河
DOI:
分类号:X522
基金项目:江苏省环境监测科研基金项目(1107)
Simulated Study on the Exchange of the Inorganic Nitrogen (IN) at the Sediment water Interface in Changzhou Segment of the Grand Canal
Abstract:
The behavior of different nitrogen forms at sediment water surface was studied, based on the simulated experiments on the release of IN at 4 sites in high flow period, mean flow period and low flow period in Changzhou segment of the grand canal. Results showed thatNH+ 4-Nwas released from sediment to overlying water all the year. The exchange rates were[182.3mg/(m2 during mean flow period,[94.0mg/(m2?d)]during high flow period and [29.5mg/(m2?d)] during low flow period following descending order, while the flux mass of downstream sites that was seriously polluted was proved to be higher than those at other sites; sediment was acted as the main source of NO-3-N in overlying water in high flow period, while it became the sink in the mean and low flow periods. In addition, the adsorption rate during mean flow period was 6 times as that in low flow period. The exchange behaviors of NO-2-Nwere represented as the characteristics of sediment adsorption, while an extremely low exchange rate occurred in low flow period. Generally, the amount of DIN inputs into the sediment was much higher than the output from the sediment. Sedimentary adsorption on theNO-3-N with high levels in the overlying waters might be the reason why the sediment pollution aggravated gradually.
Key words:  sediment water surface  inorganic nitrogen  exchange flux  grand canal