引用本文:华娟.江苏省饮用水水源地突发环境事件分析及对策建议[J].环境监控与预警,2015,7(3):8-10
HUA Juan.Analysis and Suggestions for Unexpected Environmental Accidents of Drinking Water Source in the Jiangsu Province[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2015,7(3):8-10
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江苏省饮用水水源地突发环境事件分析及对策建议
华娟
江苏省环境应急与事故调查中心,江苏 南京 210036
摘要:
分析了近年来江苏省几起典型的饮用水水源地突发环境事件及其特点,指出,结构性、布局性突发环境事件风险突出,交通运输带来的环境风险仍在凸显,企业非法排污产生的环境风险不小,饮用水水源地监测预警手段不足,联合治水模式尚未形成,流域性环境风险防控机制尚未建立。提出,应开展饮用水水源地突发环境事件风险评估,健全突发环境事件监控预警网络,健全饮用水水源地突发环境事件联防联控机制,加强饮用水水源地突发环境事件应急处置技术研究,加快产业机构调整和备用水源地建设。
关键词:  饮用水水源地  突发环境事件  江苏
DOI:
分类号:X507
基金项目:
Analysis and Suggestions for Unexpected Environmental Accidents of Drinking Water Source in the Jiangsu Province
HUA Juan
Jiangsu Environmental Emergency and Accident Investigation Center,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210036,China
Abstract:
In this paper,we analyzed the characteristics of some representative accidents of drinking water source in Jiangsu. It was pointed out that the accident risk from structure and layout was highlighted,as well as the environmental risk from transportation. The illegal emission of company also could cause the unexpected accidents easily. There was not enough means of monitoring and early warning for the drinking water source. The mode of combined water control was not established until now,the same as control mechanism of watershed environmental risk was. The risk assessment for unexpected environmental accidents of drinking water source should be developed. The monitoring and early warning network should be improved,and the prevention and control mechanism should be improved too. The technique of emergency treatment in the accident should be investigated. At the same time,we should accelerate the adjustment of industrial structure and the construction of backup water source. the accidents and summarized the reasons. We suggest that we should improve and perfect the risk prevention system,straighten out the duty of related departments,enhance the engineering ability to response the incident drinking water pollution,strengthen the ability for co prevention of different areas.
Key words:  Drinking water source  Unexpected environmental accidents  Jiangsu