引用本文:侍昊,李旭文,牛志春,王甜甜,刘绿怡.浅谈生态保护红线区生态系统管理研究概念框架[J].环境监控与预警,2015,7(6):6-9
SHI Hao,LI Xu wen,NIU Zhi chun,WANG Tian tian,LIU Lu yi.Preliminary Discussion on the Conceptual Framework Research of Ecosystem Management in Ecological Protection Red Line Area[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2015,7(6):6-9
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浅谈生态保护红线区生态系统管理研究概念框架
侍昊,李旭文,牛志春,王甜甜,刘绿怡1,2
1. 江苏省环境监测中心,江苏 南京 210036;2. 河南大学环境与规划学院,河南 开封 475001
摘要:
简述了生态保护红线管理制度的探索实践。提出了生态系统管理的概念框架,包括范围划定、管控分级、目标设定、动态监测、综合分析、管理策略和反馈优化7个方面;识别了生态系统管理中存在的3个关键问题:概念界定、管理方式和保障制度。指出生态保护红线是重点生态功能区、生态环境敏感区和脆弱区等区域划定的严格管控边界,是国家和区域生态安全的底线。要在分析区域生态系统的承载力的基础上,识别重要生态功能区域,进一步辨析生态保护红线的概念;应构建国家层面的生态系统管理方式,以利于红线区管理的整体性;要健全奖惩和补偿机制,引导公众参与生态保护红线的划定、管理和监督工作。
关键词:  生态保护红线  生态系统管理  概念框架
DOI:
分类号:X171
基金项目:江苏省环境监测基金资助项目(1315,1416);高分辨率对地观测系统重大专项基金资助项目(05-Y30B02-9001-13/15-WX2);国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项基金资助项目(2012ZX07506003)
Preliminary Discussion on the Conceptual Framework Research of Ecosystem Management in Ecological Protection Red Line Area
SHI Hao,LI Xu wen,NIU Zhi chun,WANG Tian tian,LIU Lu yi1,2
1. Jiangsu Environmental Monitoring Center,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210036,China;2. College of Environment & Planning,Henan University,Kaifeng,Henan 475001,China
Abstract:
The paper outlined the exploration and practice of the management system of the ecological protection red line. The proposed conceptual framework of ecosystem management included seven aspects,which were area delineation,classification of management control,goal setting,dynamic monitoring,comprehensive analysis,management strategy,and adaptive adjustments. Meanwhile,three key issues were identified in ecosystem management: definition of the concept,mode of the management,and guarantee of the system. It was suggested that the ecological protection red line areas,which were also considered as the bottom line of national and regional ecological security,delineated a strict management-control boundary for areas such as important ecological functional areas,eco-environmental sensitive areas and fragile areas. On the basis of the ecosystem carrying capacity analysis,important ecological functional areas should be identified for further discrimination of the concept of ecological protection red line. Then the ecosystem management mode of the ecological protection red line should be constructed at the national level,so that the problem of integrity in management could be solved. Finally,the punishment and compensation mechanism should be perfected,for guiding public participation in delineating,managing and supervising the ecological protection red line.
Key words:  Ecological protection red line  Ecosystem management  Conceptual framework