|关键词: 环境监测 新特征 生态文明 制度创新
|Adaption of Environmental Monitoring to a Path of the New Characteristics of Ecological Civilization Construction
Environmental Protection Office of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210036,China
|This paper summarized the system diagnosis of the new characteristics of environmental protection, and pointed out that technology, standards, norms, and management measurements of environmental monitoring have lagged behind the requirements of social and economic development when we faced the new characteristics of environmental protection. Moreover, other problems also existed in this process, for example, the institutional mechanisms lagged behind the development demands of environmental protection, and service capacity lagged behind the needs of public services, and quality management lagged behind the strict requirements of environmental management. Therefore, it is suggested that monitoring systems should be changed from the traditional environmental monitoring to the monitoring of carrying capacity of resources and environment. Also, the institutional management systems should be changed from the block to plumb, and the monitoring information will take an initiative to transform from relative confidentiality to publicity. Thereby, the monitoring relying on their own solely will face to depend on the various departments and the whole society. We advocate that the monitoring of total pollutant will change to monitoring both of total pollutant and environmental quality, and the quality control will change from laboratory to the whole process. In particular, the environmental monitoring as the core of ecology and environment will change to people oriented environmental monitoring.
|Key words: Environmental monitoring New characteristic Ecological civilization Institutional innovation