引用本文:周林军, 张芹, 石利利.欧盟优先水污染物与环境质量标准制定及其对我国的借鉴作用[J].环境监控与预警,2019,11(1):1-9
ZHOU Lin-jun, ZHANG Qin, SHI Li-li.The Formulation Methods of Priority Water Pollutants and Environmental Quality Standards in the EU and Their Reference Significance to China[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2019,11(1):1-9
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 181次   下载 109 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
欧盟优先水污染物与环境质量标准制定及其对我国的借鉴作用
周林军, 张芹, 石利利
环境保护部南京环境科学研究所,江苏 南京 210042
摘要:
综述了欧盟水框架指令和水政策环境质量标准指令框架下,水环境优先污染物和优先危害物质的确定方法、程序和清单,以及地表水质量标准与生物体质量标准的制定方法及监测要求。提出,我国可借鉴欧盟水框架指令和水政策环境质量标准指令,明确水环境管理和污染物控制目标,制定优先污染物筛选评估技术规范及质量标准,持续评估确定地表水优先污染物,同时,建立潜在高风险物质监测监控制度,进一步完善地表水环境质量标准的指标体系,使得水环境的保护更加科学合理。
关键词:  优先污染物  优先危害物质  环境质量标准  水环境  欧盟
DOI:
分类号:X832
文献标识码:A
基金项目:生态环境部部门预算项目资助[化学品环境与健康风险评估及典型地区(长江中下游)环境中优先评估化学品实测评估];国家重点研发计划项目资助(2018YFC1801504;2018YFC1801601)
The Formulation Methods of Priority Water Pollutants and Environmental Quality Standards in the EU and Their Reference Significance to China
ZHOU Lin-jun, ZHANG Qin, SHI Li-li
Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing Jiangsu 210042, China
Abstract:
This paper has summarized the defining methods, procedures and lists of the priority pollutants and priority hazardous substances in water environment under the EU Water Framework Directive and Directive on Environmental Quality Standards, as well as the formulation methods of surface water quality standards and biological quality standards and their monitoring requirements. It is proposed that China learn from the above Directives, clarify water environmental management and pollutant control objectives, formulate technical specifications for priority substances screening and evaluation, assess and determine surface water priority substances continuously, establish a monitoring and surveillance system for potential high-risk substances, improve the elements system for surface water environmental quality standards, so that the protection of water environment is more scientific and reasonable.
Key words:  Priority pollutants  Priority hazardous substances  Environmental quality standards  Water environment  European Union