引用本文:李秋艳,李攀,成梁,陈玲.河流型饮用水水源保护区划分比较[J].环境监控与预警,2019,11(4):54-58
LI Qiu-yan, LI Pan,CHEN Liang, CHEN Ling.Comparison of Delineating River-type Source Water Protection Areas[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2019,11(4):54-58
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河流型饮用水水源保护区划分比较
李秋艳,李攀,成梁,陈玲1,2
1. 同济大学环境科学与工程学院,上海 200092;2. 常州通用自来水有限公司,江苏 常州 213000
摘要:
比较分析了国内外河流型水源保护区划分的原则、方法和标准,例证了我国不同省份的划分实践。指出,我国各省多采用经验值划分水源保护区范围,部分省份划分方案久未更新,没有充分发挥保护区的作用。提出,应进一步细化水源保护区划分规范指导要求,及时修订省级水源保护区划分方案,并借鉴国外水源保护区划分经验,通过调整水质标准、重视公众参与、利用地理信息系统等方式划分水源保护区,从源头上预防水源污染,降低饮用水公共风险,保障饮用水安全。
关键词:  河流型水源地  饮用水  水源保护区划分
DOI:
分类号:X36
文献标识码:C
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项基金资助项目(2017ZX07201002)
Comparison of Delineating River-type Source Water Protection Areas
LI Qiu-yan, LI Pan,CHEN Liang, CHEN Ling1,2
1. College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China;2.2. Changzhou CGE Water Co.,Ltd.,Changzhou,Jiangsu 213000, China)
Abstract:
This paper compares the principles, methods and standards of river type source water protection areas(SWPA) at home and abroad, and exemplifies the delineating results of various provinces in China. It finds that SWPA is divided by empirical values, and the delineating plan of some provinces have not been updated for a long time. The role of SWPA has not been fully utilized. It points out that protecting the water source better still needs to further refine the national technical specifications,to adjust the regional delineating plan in time, and to draw on the experience of foreign delineation of SWPA. Water quality standards should be adjusted, public participation should be emphasized, and geographic information systems should be used to divide water sources. By delineating the SWPA, water pollution can be effectively prevented from the origin, the public risk of drinking water can be reduced,and the safety of drinking water can be ensured.
Key words:  River type water source  Drinking water  Source water protection areas delineation