引用本文:蒋荣,严飞,杨杰,钱震.南通市冬季PM2.5中水溶性离子污染特征[J].环境监控与预警,2020,12(2):45-48
JIANG Rong,YAN Fei ,YANG Jie,QIAN Zhen.Pollution Characteristics of Water soluble Ions in PM2.5 in Winter in Nantong[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2020,12(2):45-48
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南通市冬季PM2.5中水溶性离子污染特征
蒋荣,严飞,杨杰,钱震
作者单位
蒋荣,严飞,杨杰,钱震 江苏省南通环境监测中心江苏 南通 226006 
摘要:
根据南通市2016和2017年冬季大气多参数站自动监测PM<sub>2.5</sub>数据和在线离子色谱分析仪Marga监测的PM<sub>2.5</sub>中水溶性离子数据,分析了南通市冬季PM<sub>2.5</sub>中水溶性离子污染特征。结果表明,南通市2016和2017年冬季,ρ(PM<sub>2.5</sub>)分别为58和54 μg/m<sup>3</sup>,均高出其年均值(14 μg/m<sup>3</sup>);ρ(水溶性离子)总占ρ(PM<sub>2.5</sub>)百分比分别为74.5%和74.3%;二次离子ρ(NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>、SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>和NH<sup>+</sup><sub>4</sub>)占ρ(PM<sub>2.5</sub>)百分比分别为66.8%和66.6%;各水溶性离子占比大小依次为:NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>、SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>、NH<sup>+</sup><sub>4</sub>、Cl<sup>-</sup>、K<sup>+</sup>、Na<sup>+</sup>、Ca<sup>2+</sup>、Mg<sup>2+</sup>。对ρ(NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>)/ ρ(SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>)分析表明,移动源已经成为南通市冬季的主要污染源,且呈逐年增强趋势。对氯氧化率和硫氧化率的分析表明,南通市冬季存在较明显的二次污染,SO<sub>2</sub>的转化程度大于NO<sub>2</sub>。除Na<sup>+</sup>和Mg<sup>2+</sup>外,其他离子与PM<sub>2.5</sub>均呈显著相关性,NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>、SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>与NH<sup>+</sup><sub>4</sub>之间的相关系数最高,Cl<sup>-</sup>与除Na<sup>+</sup>外的所有阳离子均呈显著相关性。
关键词:  水溶性离子  细颗粒物  二次污染  相关性分析  南通市  冬季
DOI:
分类号:X513
文献标识码:B
基金项目:江苏省环保专项资金资助项目(PM2.5、臭氧及其前体物监测体系、质控质保体系研究及示范应用)
Pollution Characteristics of Water soluble Ions in PM2.5 in Winter in Nantong
JIANG Rong,YAN Fei ,YANG Jie,QIAN Zhen
Abstract:
The pollution characteristics of water-soluble ions in PM<sub>2.5</sub>in winter in Nantong were analyzed based on the ion compositions monitored by Marga and PM<sub>2.5</sub> measured by Nantong atmospheric multi-parameter automatic monitoring in winter,2016 and 2017. Results showed that the concentrations of PM<sub>2.5</sub>was 58 and 54 μg/m<sup>3</sup> respectively in winter of 2016 and 2017 in Nantong,both were 14 μg/m<sup>3</sup>higher than their average annual concentration.In the winter of 2016 and 2017 , water-soluble ions contributed 74.5% and 74.3% of PM<sub>2.5</sub>(mass ratio)respectively, among which SNA (NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>、SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>and NH<sup>+</sup><sub>4</sub>) contributed 668% and 66.6% respectively.The proportions of water-soluble ions in PM<sub>2.5</sub> follow the trend, NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>>SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>>NH<sup>+</sup><sub>4</sub>>Cl<sup>-</sup>>K<sup>+</sup>>Na<sup>+</sup>>Ca<sup>2+</sup>>Mg<sup>2+</sup>. The ρ(NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>)/ρ(SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>) ratio implied that mobile sourcehas become the main pollution source in winter,and the trend is increasing.NOR and SOR showed that there is obvious secondary pollution in winter, and the reaction ratio of SO<sub>2</sub> is greater than that of NO<sub>2</sub>. Water-soluble ions are significantly correlated with PM<sub>2.5</sub>except Na<sup>+</sup> and Mg<sup>2+</sup>.The correlation coefficients between NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>, SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>and NH<sup>+</sup><sub>4</sub>are the largest.Cl<sup>-</sup> is significantly correlated with cations except Na<sup>+</sup>.
Key words:  ater soluble ions  PM2.5  Secondary pollution  Correlation analysis  Nantong city  Winter