引用本文:刘文清,谢品华,胡肇焜,李昂,秦敏,刘建国,高闽光,张天舒.大气环境高灵敏光谱探测技术[J].环境监控与预警,2019,11(5):1-7
LIU Wen-qing, XIE Pin-hua, HU Zhao-kun, LI Ang, QIN Min, LIU Jian-guo, GAO Min-guang, ZHANG Tian-shu.High Sensitivity Spectroscopic Techniques for Atmospheric Environment Monitoring[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2019,11(5):1-7
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大气环境高灵敏光谱探测技术
刘文清,谢品华,胡肇焜,李昂,秦敏,刘建国,高闽光,张天舒
中国科学院环境光学与技术重点实验室,安徽光学精密机械研究所,安徽 合肥 230031
摘要:
大气环境高灵敏光谱探测技术是以光与环境相互作用为基础发展起来的学科交叉方向,使用光学的方法和手段来探知研究环境问题。大气环境高灵敏光谱探测技术能够实现从现场瞬态灵敏探测到污染时空分布等不同尺度的遥测,从而获得大气污染“点-线-面”的时空变化规律,由于光谱探测技术具有多组分、非接触、无采样、高灵敏度、大范围快速以及遥测等特点,已经成为国际上大气环境监测技术的主要方向之一。大气环境高灵敏光谱技术在污染源、工业园区、空气质量以及区域污染等监测方面都有很广泛的应用。针对化工园区复杂的环境污染问题,光谱探测技术可以高灵敏、非接触地获取多种污染物浓度特征,掌握化工园区污染时空分布状况,为化工园区的大气污染治理提供有效支撑;针对京津冀、长三角等地区大气重污染过程的核心问题,大气环境高灵敏光谱探测技术通过地基组网观测,车载/机载平台移动观测等三维立体监测手段获取重点区域污染物的生成、转化过程以及重污染过程的形成机制,为区域大气污染成因追溯、污染控制措施评估提供科学的数据和技术支撑。高灵敏光谱探测技术在大气环境领域的成功应用,为污染源、化工园区和重点区域的环境综合诊断和治理奠定了技术基础。
关键词:  光谱探测  环境光学  大气环境
DOI:
分类号:X515
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(41530644,41775029);国家重点研发计划基金资助项目(2016YFC028203,2016YFC0201507,2017YFC0209902);安徽省科技重大专项基金资助项目(16030801120)
High Sensitivity Spectroscopic Techniques for Atmospheric Environment Monitoring
LIU Wen-qing, XIE Pin-hua, HU Zhao-kun, LI Ang, QIN Min, LIU Jian-guo, GAO Min-guang, ZHANG Tian-shu
Key Laboratory of Environmental Optical and Technology, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230031, China
Abstract:
The high sensitivity spectroscopic technique for atmospheric monitoring is an interdisciplinary subject developed by environmental science and optics. It based on the interaction between light and environment and was used to solve environmental problems. The high sensitivity spectroscopic technique can monitor the temporal and spatial distribution of pollutants, and the evolution of pollutants. It has become one of the main development directions of environmental monitoring technology due to its characteristics of multi component, non contact, no sampling, high sensitivity, large range and rapid monitoring. Facing the complex environmental pollution problem in the chemical park, the spectroscopic techniques can acquire the concentration distribution of various pollutants in a highly sensitive and non contact manner, and it can master the pollution status of the chemical park and effectively provide the support for the air pollution control of the chemical park. Facing the problem of atmospheric heavy pollution in Beijing Tianjin Hebei and Yangtze River Delta regions, the spectroscopic techniques can be used to obtain the formation process, transformation process and formation mechanism of heavy pollution by ground based observation network and on board/airborne platform observation. The wide applications of high sensitivity spectroscopic techniques have shown that spectroscopic techniques are very useful tools for comprehensive environmental management, e.g. chemical parks and regional air pollution.
Key words:  Spectral detection  Environmental optics  Atmospheric environment