引用本文:陈良富, 王雅鹏, 张欣欣, 王子峰.面向区域二次污染风险控制的臭氧及其前体物卫星遥感监测[J].环境监控与预警,2019,11(5):13-21
CHEN Liang-fu, WANG Ya-peng, ZHANG Xin-xin, WANG Zi-feng.Satellite Remote Sensing Monitoring of Ozone and Its Precursors for Regional Secondary Pollution Risk Control[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2019,11(5):13-21
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面向区域二次污染风险控制的臭氧及其前体物卫星遥感监测
陈良富, 王雅鹏, 张欣欣, 王子峰
作者单位
陈良富1,2,3, 王雅鹏1,2,3, 张欣欣1,2,3, 王子峰1,2 1.中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所遥感科学国家重点实验室北京 1001012.中国科学院空天信息研究院北京 1000943.中国科学院大学北京 1000494.中国科学院大气物理研究所北京 100029 
摘要:
日益突出的臭氧(O<sub>3</sub>)污染已成为继PM<sub>2.5</sub>之后我国大气污染防治的又一艰巨任务。由于氮氧化物(NOx)、挥发性有机物(VOCs)这2种前体物的减排难度较大,且与O<sub>3</sub>浓度存在复杂的非线性关系,准确获取O<sub>3</sub>及NOx、VOCs的时空分布对制定有效的防控措施至关重要。基于卫星遥感可定量反演O<sub>3</sub>及2种前体物的代表性物种——二氧化氮(NO<sub>2</sub>)、甲醛(HCHO)及乙二醛(C<sub>2</sub>、H<sub>2</sub>、O<sub>2</sub>)的时空分布信息。面向区域O<sub>3</sub>污染分析和防控应用,综述了卫星遥感对O<sub>3</sub>及NO<sub>2</sub>、HCHO、C<sub>2</sub>、H<sub>2</sub>、O<sub>2</sub>的探测能力,以及利用遥感手段分析区域O<sub>3</sub>及其前体物的传输。进而从O<sub>3</sub>与NOx、VOCs关系的角度,分析了利用卫星反演的前体物表征O<sub>3</sub>生成风险的可行性。最后对卫星在区域O<sub>3</sub>及其前体物监测方面的前景趋势提出了思考。
关键词:  卫星遥感  臭氧  氮氧化物  挥发性有机物  污染防控
DOI:
分类号:X515
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家重点研发计划地球观测与导航领域专项课题基金资助项目(2017YFB0503901)
Satellite Remote Sensing Monitoring of Ozone and Its Precursors for Regional Secondary Pollution Risk Control
CHEN Liang-fu, WANG Ya-peng, ZHANG Xin-xin, WANG Zi-feng
Abstract:
The increasingly prominent ozone (O<sub>3</sub>) pollution is the second most arduous task of air pollution control after PM<sub>2.5</sub>in China. Considering that the emission reduction of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is difficult, and there is a complex nonlinear relationship with O<sub>3</sub>, so it is important to accurately obtain the spatial and temporal distribution of O<sub>3</sub>, NOx and VOCs for the formulation of effective prevention and control measures. The spatial and temporal distribution of O<sub>3</sub>and two representative species of precursors, nitrogen dioxide (NO<sub>2</sub>), formaldehyde (HCHO) and glyoxal (C<sub>2</sub>、H<sub>2</sub>、O<sub>2</sub>), can be retrieved quantitatively based on satellite remote sensing. Focused on the analysis and control of regional ozone pollution, this paper summarized the detection ability of satellite remote sensing to O<sub>3</sub>and NO<sub>2</sub>、HCHO、C<sub>2</sub>、H<sub>2</sub>、O<sub>2</sub>, and analyzed the transport of regional O<sub>3</sub>and its precursors by remote sensing. The feasibility of using satellite inversion precursors to characterize O<sub>3</sub>generation risk was analyzed from the perspective of the relationship between O<sub>3</sub> NOx VOCs. Finally, the future trend of satellite in regional O<sub>3</sub>and precursor monitoring was discussed.
Key words:  Satellite remote sensing  Ozone  Nitrogen oxides  VOCs  Pollution control