引用本文:刘亚军,张志峰.排污单位自行监测检查中发现的典型问题及改进建议[J].环境监控与预警,2020,12(2):63-66
LIU Ya-jun,ZHANG Zhi-feng.Typical Issues Identified During the Examination of Self Monitoring by Pollutant Discharging Entities and Suggestions for Improvement[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2020,12(2):63-66
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排污单位自行监测检查中发现的典型问题及改进建议
刘亚军,张志峰
江苏省南通环境监测中心,江苏 南通 226006
摘要:
排污单位自行监测的质量管理,是环境管理部门关注的重点。针对排污单位自行监测工作中存在的质控措施不规范;监测结果公开不完整;样品交接记录、原始采样记录、样品分析原始记录不齐全;流量计未检定或过期等问题。从自行监测方案的制定、自行监测信息公开、企业手工监测、企业自动监测等4个方面提出:应实施具体的质控措施;将污染物排放方式及排放去向、未开展自行监测的原因等方面的内容全部公开;通过计量认证第三方环境监测机构制订相关的记录单;将流量计送至计量单位实验室检定或者请计量单位现场检定等建议,对今后促进排污单位提高自行监测工作水平有指导意义。
关键词:  排污单位  自行监测  改进建议
DOI:
分类号:X830
文献标识码:C
基金项目:
Typical Issues Identified During the Examination of Self Monitoring by Pollutant Discharging Entities and Suggestions for Improvement
LIU Ya-jun,ZHANG Zhi-feng
Jiangsu Nantong Environmental Monitoring Center, Nantong,Jiangsu 226006,China
Abstract:
The quality management of self monitoring by pollutant discharging entities is an important focus of the environmental management departments. The existing problems in the self monitoring work of pollutant discharge entities: irregular quality control measures; incomplete disclosure of monitoring results; incomplete sample transfer records, original sampling records, and sample analysis original records; flowmeters were not verified or expired.we provide detailed suggestions for improvement from four aspects: the formulation of the self monitoring scheme, the disclosure of the self monitoring information, the manual monitoring by enterprises, and the automatic monitoring by enterprises:Specific quality control measures should be implemented; all aspects of pollutant discharge methods and discharge destinations, and reasons for not conducting self monitoring should be made in public;formulate relevant record sheets through third party environmental monitoring agencies;Send the flowmeter to the measurement unit for laboratory verification or ask the measurement unit for on site verification, etc. It is instructive to enhance the self monitoring performance of the sewage disposal units.
Key words:  Pollutant discharging entities  Self monitoring  Suggestions for improvement