引用本文:孔梅,孟祥亮,高洁,王琦.山东省省级自然保护区人类活动遥感监测与评价[J].环境监控与预警,2020,12(1):16-19
KONG Mei,MENG Xiang-liang, GAO Jie, WANG Qi.Remote Sensing Monitoring and Assessment for Human Activities of Shandong Provincial Nature Reserves[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2020,12(1):16-19
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山东省省级自然保护区人类活动遥感监测与评价
孔梅,孟祥亮,高洁,王琦
作者单位
孔梅1,孟祥亮1,高洁2,王琦1 1.山东省生态环境监测中心山东 济南 2501012.山东省国土空间数据和遥感技术中心山东 济南 250101 
摘要:
基于2018年高分系列遥感影像数据,提取山东省省级自然保护区人类土地利用活动信息,探讨人类活动对山东省省级自然保护区的影响。结果表明,自然保护区人类活动总面积占保护区总面积的22.2%,人类活动影响指数介于0~0013 68。不同类型的自然保护区人类活动面积不同,主要影响因子差异明显,森林生态类保护区以农业用地为主,内陆湿地类保护区以养殖场为主。内陆湿地类保护区是受到人类干扰程度最为严重的保护区类型,野生动物类保护区受到人类影响最小。
关键词:  自然保护区  人类活动  遥感  山东省
DOI:
分类号:X87
文献标识码:B
基金项目:省级自然保护区遥感监测与评估基金资助项目(LHJ-Y-2018-01);山东省生态环境监测预算项目
Remote Sensing Monitoring and Assessment for Human Activities of Shandong Provincial Nature Reserves
KONG Mei,MENG Xiang-liang, GAO Jie, WANG Qi
Abstract:
Based on high resolution satellite image in 2018, the information of human land use activities on nature reserves in Shandong Province was extracted to study the impact of human activities on nature reserves. The results showed that the area of human activities accounts for 22.2% of the total area of the nature reserves, and the human activity effect indices ranged from 0 to 0.013 68. Different types of nature reserves have different areas of human activity and the main impact factor differs with each other significantly. The main human activities of forestry ecosystem nature reserves are agricultural land, while the main human activities of wetland reserves are aquaculture. Wetland nature reserve is the most serious disturbed reserve,and wildlife nature reserve is least affected by human activities.
Key words:  Nature reserves  Human activities  Remote sensing monitoring  Shandong Province