引用本文:常闻捷,龚利雪,陆嘉昂,冯彬,孙洁丽.水生态分区管理国际经验与太湖流域应用研究[J].环境监控与预警,2020,12(6):59-62
CHANG Wen-jie, GONG Li-xue, LU Jia-ang, FENG Bin , SUN Jie-li.International Experience on Water Ecoregion Management and Application Research of Lake Taihu Basin[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2020,12(6):59-62
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水生态分区管理国际经验与太湖流域应用研究
常闻捷,龚利雪,陆嘉昂,冯彬,孙洁丽
作者单位
常闻捷1,2,龚利雪1,陆嘉昂1,冯彬1,孙洁丽2 1.江苏省环境科学研究院, 江苏省环境工程重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210036
2.河海大学环境学院, 江苏 南京 210098 
摘要:
简述了国外水生态区的发展历程以及国外水生态区在建立生态系统数据库、制定差异化水质标准、开展河流生态监测及评价水体健康等方面进行的应用研究。通过对太湖流域水生态功能分区的研究,指出当前水环境管理存在的问题与水生态区管理的优势,提出应重点从水生态区监测、试点考核、评价、修复等具体操作层面开展应用研究,引导我国水环境管理从水化学指标逐步向水生态综合指标转变,推动建立以水生态系统健康为导向的水环境管理创新体制。
关键词:  水生态区  水生态监测  水生态健康  太湖流域  管理及应用
DOI:
分类号:X321
文献标识码:C
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2018ZX07208-004);江苏省自然科学基金青年基金项目(BK20191083);江苏省环保科研课题(2018001)
International Experience on Water Ecoregion Management and Application Research of Lake Taihu Basin
CHANG Wen-jie, GONG Li-xue, LU Jia-ang, FENG Bin , SUN Jie-li
Abstract:
This paper described the development process of water ecoregion at abroad and their application in establishing ecosystem databases, developing different water quality standards, conducting river ecological monitoring and evaluating water health. According to the study of water ecoregion in Lake Taihu Basin, it pointed out the problems exists in current water environment management and advantages of water ecoregion management. We propose that we should lay emphasis on applied research from specific operational levels, for example, water ecoregion monitoring, pilot assessment, evaluation, and restoration to change the water environment management from water chemical indicators to comprehensive indicators of water ecology, and finally promote the establishment of a water environment management innovation system oriented to the health of aquatic ecosystems.
Key words:  Water ecoregion  Water ecoregion monitoring  Water ecological health  Lake Taihu basin  Management and application