引用本文:俞越明, 万梦雪, 胡文友等.基于光谱技术的土壤多参数快速检测进展与展望[J].环境监控与预警,2020,12(3):26-32
YU Yue-ming, WAN Meng-xue, HU Wen-youet,al.Progress and Prospect in Soil Multi parameter Rapid Detection Based on Spectroscopic Technology[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2020,12(3):26-32
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 440次   下载 269 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
基于光谱技术的土壤多参数快速检测进展与展望
俞越明, 万梦雪, 胡文友等
作者单位
俞越明1, 万梦雪2,3, 胡文友2,3* 1.南京信息工程大学环境科学与工程学院江苏 南京 2100442.中国科学院南京土壤研究所 中国科学院土壤环境与污染修复重点实验室江苏 南京 210008 
摘要:
传统的土壤采样和实验室分析方法往往工作量大、前处理复杂、测定周期长、时效差、费用高,因此,迫切需要寻找快速、准确的土壤多参数检测方法,以实现多尺度土壤属性数据的快速获取与更新。系统梳理了便携式X射线荧光光谱(PXRF)、可见光-近红外反射光谱(Vis-NIR)、激光诱导击穿光谱(LIBS)和电弧发射光谱(AES)等光谱技术的原理、特点以及在土壤多参数快速检测中的应用及其研究进展。提出,未来在提高现有土壤多参数光谱检测精度和适用性的基础上,应结合ICP-MS等传统实验室方法,综合应用多种光谱技术以及化学计量学、现代信息技术和空间分析技术等,实现区域多种土壤属性的快速获取与实时监测,以满足我国当前土壤多参数、高精度快速检测及土壤质量精细化管理的需要。
关键词:  便携式X射线荧光光谱  可见光-近红外反射光谱  激光诱导击穿光谱  电弧发射光谱  土壤  多参数  快速检测
DOI:
分类号:X833;O657.3
文献标识码:A
基金项目:国家重点研发计划基金资助项目(2017YFF0108201);江苏省环保科研课题基金资助项目(2018013,2018004);中国科学院南京土壤研究所“一三五”计划和领域前沿重点基金资助项目(ISSAASIP1629);中国科学院青年创新促进会会员基金资助项目(2019312)
Progress and Prospect in Soil Multi parameter Rapid Detection Based on Spectroscopic Technology
YU Yue-ming, WAN Meng-xue, HU Wen-youet,al
Abstract:
There are many disadvantages in traditional soil sampling and laboratory analysis, including large workload, complicated pretreatment, time consuming, low time efficiency and high cost. Thus its very urgent to find quick and accurate method for soil multi parameter rapid detection in order to quickly acquire and update the multi scale soil parameters. In this paper, the principles and characteristics of portable X ray fluorescence spectroscopy (PXRF), visible and near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (Vis NIR), laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and arc emission spectroscopy (AES) have been systematically reviewed, as well as their applications in soil multi parameter rapid detection and their research progress. To satisfy the actual needs of high precision and rapid detection of soil multi parameters and delicacy management of soil quality of our country, we suggest, on the basis of improving the existing soil parameter spectrum detection precision and applicability, that realize the fast acquisition and real time detection of regional soil multi parameters by combining with ICP MS and many other traditional lab methods validation, and integrating with the application of different spectroscopic technologies, chemical metrology, modern information technology and spatial analysis technology.
Key words:  Portable X ray fluorescence spectroscopy  Visible and near infrared reflectance spectroscopy  Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy  Arc emission spectroscopy  Soil  Multi parameters  Rapid detection