引用本文:马维宇,韦斯.环境中的微塑料:赋存、检测及其危害[J].环境监控与预警,2020,12(5):70-76
MA Wei-yu,WEI Si.Microplastics in the Environment: Occurrence, Detection and Harm[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2020,12(5):70-76
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环境中的微塑料:赋存、检测及其危害
马维宇,韦斯
作者单位
马维宇,韦斯* 污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室南京大学环境学院江苏 南京 210023 
摘要:
近年来,由个人护理品及废旧塑料直接或间接产生的微塑料不断地在各种环境介质中被检出,且微塑料会对生态系统产生各种危害,因此对微塑料的研究受到越来越广泛的关注。阐述了微塑料在水体、沉积物、沙滩和生物体中的赋存情况,介绍了微塑料的采集与分离方法,以及定性与定量分析方法。指出微塑料对环境及生物体产生的危害,提出现阶段研究存在的主要问题,并对今后的研究方向进行了展望。
关键词:  微塑料  赋存  检测方法  环境危害
DOI:
分类号:X830
文献标识码:A
基金项目:江苏省环保科研课题基金资助项目(2017001);江苏省环境监测科研基金资助项目(1317)
Microplastics in the Environment: Occurrence, Detection and Harm
MA Wei-yu,WEI Si
Abstract:
In recent years, microplastics, which are directly or indirectly produced by personal care products and waste plastics, are constantly detected in various environmental media, and microplastics will cause various hazards to the ecosystem, so the research on microplastics has attracted more and more attention. The occurrence of microplastics in water, sediment, beach and organism was described. The collection and separation methods, as well as the qualitative and quantitative analysis methods of microplastics were introduced. Finally, the harm of microplastics to the environment and organism,as well as the main problems existing in the research at the present stage are pointed out, and the future research direction is prospected.
Key words:  Microplastic  Occurrence  Detection method  Environmental hazard