引用本文:蒋荣,钱震.南通市PM2.5中水溶性离子季节分布特征[J].环境监控与预警,2021,13(1):52-55
JIANG Rong,QIAN Zhen.Seasonal Distribution Characteristics of Water soluble Ions in PM2.5 in Nantong[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2021,13(1):52-55
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 176次   下载 88 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
南通市PM2.5中水溶性离子季节分布特征
蒋荣,钱震
作者单位
蒋荣,钱震 江苏省南通环境监测中心江苏 南通 226006 
摘要:
对南通市2016年12月—2018年10月大气污染季节分布特征进行了分析。结果表明,南通市ρ(PM<sub>2.5</sub>)和ρ(水溶性离子)为冬、春季高,夏、秋季低。春夏秋冬四季ρ(水溶性离子)占ρ(PM<sub>2.5</sub>)百分比分别为68.2%,70.6%,64.5%和745%,其中二次离子SNA(NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>、SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>和NH<sup>+</sup><sub>4</sub>)占ρ(PM<sub>2.5</sub>)的百分比分别为63.1%,67.0%,59.3%和66.8%;ρ(NO-<sub>3</sub>)/ρ(SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>)表明,移动源已成为南通市春、秋、冬季的主要污染源,四季均存在不同程度的二次转化,且SO<sub>2</sub>的转化率均大于NO<sub>2</sub>,NO<sub>2</sub>冬季转化率最大、夏季最小,SO<sub>2</sub>夏季转化率最大、秋季最小。南通市NO<sub>2</sub>转化为硝酸盐的主要形式是气相均相反应,非均相反应和均相反应对SO<sub>2</sub>转化为硫酸盐的贡献差异不大。
关键词:  水溶性离子  细颗粒物  二次转化  南通
DOI:
分类号:X823
文献标识码:B
基金项目:江苏省PM2.5和臭氧污染协同控制重大专项(PM2.5、臭氧及其前体物监测体系、质控质保体系研究及示范应用)基金资助项目
Seasonal Distribution Characteristics of Water soluble Ions in PM2.5 in Nantong
JIANG Rong,QIAN Zhen
Abstract:
The seasonal distribution characteristics of atmospheric pollution from December 2016 to October 2018 in Nantong were analyzed. During the study period, the concentrations of PM<sub>2.5</sub> and water soluble ions in Nantong are higher in winter and spring and lower in summer and autumn. In spring, summer, autumn and winter, water soluble ions contributed 68.2%,70.6%,64.5%,745% of PM<sub>2.5</sub>(mass ratio) respectively, among which SNA (NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>, SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>and NH<sup>+</sup><sub>4</sub>) contributed 63.1%,67.0%,59.3%,668% respectively. The ρ(NO<sup>-</sup><sub>3</sub>)/ρ(SO<sup>2-</sup><sub>4</sub>) ratio implied that mobile source has become the main pollution source in spring, autumn and winter in Nantong. There are different degrees of secondary reactions in the four seasons, and the reaction ratio of SO<sub>2</sub> is greater than that of NO<sub>2</sub>. The reaction ratio of NO<sub>2</sub> is the highest in winter and the lowest in summer, and the reaction ratio of SO<sub>2</sub> is the highest in summer and the lowest in autumn. The main form of NO<sub>2</sub> conversion to nitrate in Nantong is gas homogeneous reaction. Heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions contribute equally to the conversion of SO<sub>2</sub> to sulfate.
Key words:  Water soluble ions  PM2.5  Secondary reaction  Nantong