引用本文:吉贵祥,顾杰,郭敏,吴冠群,石利利.生活垃圾焚烧二噁英排放对人群健康影响研究进展[J].环境监控与预警,2020,12(5):77-83
JI Gui-xiang, GU Jie, GUO Min, WU Guan-qun, SHI Li-li.Research Progress on the Health Effects of Dioxin Emission from Domestic Waste Incineration[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2020,12(5):77-83
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 86次   下载 65 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
生活垃圾焚烧二噁英排放对人群健康影响研究进展
吉贵祥,顾杰,郭敏,吴冠群,石利利
作者单位
吉贵祥,顾杰,郭敏,吴冠群,石利利* 生态环境部南京环境科学研究所江苏 南京 210042 
摘要:
综述了二噁英对人体健康的危害特性, 以及我国生活垃圾焚烧厂二噁英排放浓度水平,及其周边环境空气和土壤中二噁英污染浓度水平、人群暴露途径、剂量和健康影响。指出,现有研究显示,我国生活垃圾焚烧排放的二噁英浓度在合理范围之内,垃圾焚烧厂周边人群二噁英暴露量普遍低于世界卫生组织(WHO)推荐的容许标准,但也有研究发现,垃圾焚烧会导致周边环境介质中二噁英浓度水平增高。提出,应重点关注垃圾焚烧排放二噁英的长期低剂量暴露对人群健康的影响。
关键词:  垃圾焚烧  二噁英  污染状况  暴露途径  健康影响
DOI:
分类号:X799.3; X503.1
文献标识码:A
基金项目:江苏环保科研课题基金资助项目(2018001);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项基金资助项目(GYZX200102)
Research Progress on the Health Effects of Dioxin Emission from Domestic Waste Incineration
JI Gui-xiang, GU Jie, GUO Min, WU Guan-qun, SHI Li-li
Abstract:
This paper summarized the harmful characteristics of dioxin to human health, the emission level of dioxin from Municipal solid waste incineration(MSWI), the concentration of dioxin in the air and soil, the exposure routes, dose and health impact of dioxin in the surrounding environment in China. The existing studies show that the concentration of dioxin emitted from MSWI in China is within a reasonable range. The exposure level of dioxin in the people around the waste incineration plant is generally lower than the allowable standard recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). However, some studies have found that the concentration of dioxin in the surrounding environment were increased due to the incineration of garbage. It is suggested that more attention should be paid to the effects of long term and low dose exposure of dioxins from MSWI on human health.
Key words:  Waste incineration  Dioxins  Pollution situation  Exposure pathways  Health effects