引用本文:田志仁,李名升,夏新,李宗超,倪鹏程.我国地下水环境监测现状和工作建议[J].环境监控与预警,2020,12(6):1-6
TIAN Zhi-ren,LI Ming-sheng,XIA Xin,LI Zong-chao,NI Peng-cheng.Current Situation and Suggestions of Groundwater Monitoring Work in China[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2020,12(6):1-6
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我国地下水环境监测现状和工作建议
田志仁,李名升,夏新,李宗超,倪鹏程
作者单位
田志仁,李名升,夏新,李宗超,倪鹏程* 中国环境监测总站国家环境保护环境监测质量控制重点实验室北京 100012 
摘要:
基于近些年的调查和监测结果,统计分析了我国地下水环境质量基本状况及主要超标指标的地区分布情况。指出,当前我国地下水环境监测工作主要由自然资源、水利、生态环境等部门分别组织开展,存在地下水监测信息共享与整合难度较大、尚未形成全国统一的地下水环境监测体系、“双源”地下水监测现状尚未摸清、地下水监测能力明显不足、地下水监测的生态环境保护作用尚未体现等问题。提出,进一步推动部门资源共享与整〖JP2〗合、统一全国地下水监测体系、优化完善考核机制、尽快摸清地下水监测现状和逐步提升监测能力等工作建议,以期为下一阶段全国地下水环境监测工作提供借鉴。
关键词:  地下水  环境监测  监测体系  信息共享  考核
DOI:
分类号:X523; P641.7
文献标识码:C
基金项目:生态环境部环境监测管理与信息基金资助项目(22111101004)
Current Situation and Suggestions of Groundwater Monitoring Work in China
TIAN Zhi-ren,LI Ming-sheng,XIA Xin,LI Zong-chao,NI Peng-cheng
Abstract:
Based on survey and monitoring results in recent years, the basic condition of groundwater environmental quality and the regional distribution of major pollution indicators in China were calculated and analyzed. This article pointed out that the groundwater environmental monitoring in China is mainly carried out by the departments of natural resources, water conservancy and ecological environment at present. It is difficult to share and integrate groundwater monitoring information. A unified national groundwater environment monitoring system has not yet been formed. The current groundwater monitoring situation of groundwater drinking water source and pollution source is not yet clear. Also the capability of groundwater monitoring is obviously inadequate, and the ecological and environmental protection function of groundwater monitoring has not been reflected yet. In the end, the paper puts forward some suggestions for the improvement of groundwater monitoring, such as furtherly promote the sharing and integration of departmental resources, unify the national groundwater monitoring system, optimize and improve the assessment mechanism, get a clear situation of groundwater monitoring, and gradually improve the monitoring capability, in order to provide reference for the national groundwater environmental monitoring.
Key words:  Groundwater  Environmental monitoring  Monitoring system  Information sharing  Assessment