引用本文:蒋文博,黄玉洁,刘正,方文,郑洋,周强.基于健康风险的危险废物智能化分级分类研究[J].环境监控与预警,2021,13(5):14-18
JIANG Wen-bo, HUANG Yu-jie, LIU Zheng, FANG Wen, ZHENG Yang, ZHOU Qiang.Intelligent Classification System of Hazardous Waste Based on Health Risk Assessment[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2021,13(5):14-18
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基于健康风险的危险废物智能化分级分类研究
蒋文博,黄玉洁,刘正,方文,郑洋,周强
作者单位
蒋文博1,黄玉洁2,刘正2,方文2,郑洋1,周强1* 1. 生态环境部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心北京 100029
2. 污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室南京大学环境学院江苏 南京 210023 
摘要:
在分析国内外危险废物分级管理经验的基础上,结合健康风险的评估步骤,提出了基于全过程危险废物污染物释放情景的精细化-动态健康风险评价方法。充分考虑处理利用工艺、企业管理水平等因素对于危险废物中污染物释放概率和能力的影响,并基于污染物向环境介质的迁移转化,定量评估危险废物的健康风险。基于危险废物污染特性数据库和事故情景数据库,结合全过程信息采集技术,构建危险废物分级分类管理平台,进行涉废企业的风险级别划分,实施差异化管理,形成更加科学有效的危险废物全过程精细化管理体系。
关键词:  危险废物  污染物释放情景  健康风险评价
DOI:
分类号:X327
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2018YFC1902804)
Intelligent Classification System of Hazardous Waste Based on Health Risk Assessment
JIANG Wen-bo, HUANG Yu-jie, LIU Zheng, FANG Wen, ZHENG Yang, ZHOU Qiang
Abstract:
Based on the domestic and foreign experience in the hazardous waste classification management and the traditional health risk assessment steps, this paper proposed a refined dynamic health risk assessment method to classify the hazardous waste which is aligned with the traditional health risk assessment steps. But in this method, we first considered the calculation of pollutant release from hazardous waste and the influence of enterprise management level and utilization/disposal processes on the pollutant release probability and amount. Then, the health risk was quantitatively assessed based on the migration and transformation of pollutants in the environmental media and the exposure response relationship. According to the pollution characteristics database and accident scenario database of hazardous waste, combined with the information collection technology of the whole process, the classification and classification management platform of hazardous waste is built to classify the risk levels of waste related enterprises, implement differentiated management, and form a more scientific and effective refined management system of the whole process of hazardous waste.
Key words:  Hazardous waste  Pollutant release scenario  Health risk assessment