引用本文:高旭,罗浩,张光,王栋,丁亮,史薇.土壤生态环境健康监测与评价技术现状与展望[J].环境监控与预警,2021,13(5):38-44
GAO Xu,LUO Hao,ZHANG Guang,WANG Dong,DING Liang, SHI Wei.Current Status and Prospects of Soil Ecological Environment Health Monitoring Technology[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2021,13(5):38-44
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 885次   下载 340 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
土壤生态环境健康监测与评价技术现状与展望
高旭,罗浩,张光,王栋,丁亮,史薇1,2
1. 江苏省环境工程技术有限公司,江苏 南京 210019;2. 污染控制与资源化利用国家重点实验室,南京大学环境学院,江苏 南京 210023
摘要:
综述了国内对土壤生态环境健康的研究进展,总结了传统土壤环境监测技术的不足,介绍了土壤生态环境健康监测技术,包括植物、动物、微生物等生态监测方法,旨在通过对各项技术的比较,了解各项监测技术对土壤健康监测和评价现状。对土壤生态环境健康监测与评价技术的发展趋势进行展望,提出未来需要对土壤生态健康监测技术进行标准化和定量化;开展多生物指标联合监测;结合遥感和物联网技术扩大土壤时空监测尺度,形成完整的土壤生态环境健康监测与评价体系,为环境管理部门有效监测土壤生态环境提供依据。
关键词:  监测技术  土壤健康  生态监测  评价
DOI:
分类号:X833
基金项目:江苏省生态环境科研课题基金资助项目(2020001);江苏省自然科学基金资助项目(BK20181094);国家自然科学基金资助项目(41807141,41902276);国家重点研发计划基金资助项目(2018YFC1801006,2019YFC1804000)
Current Status and Prospects of Soil Ecological Environment Health Monitoring Technology
GAO Xu,LUO Hao,ZHANG Guang,WANG Dong,DING Liang, SHI Wei1,2
1. Jiangsu Environmental Engineering Technology Co., Ltd., Nanjing, Jiangsu 210019,China;2. State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control & Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China
Abstract:
This article reviews the research progress of soil environmental monitoring technologies, summarizes the shortcomings of traditional soil environmental monitoring technologies, and introduces the soil ecological environment health monitoring technologies, which include botanic, zoological and microbial monitoring technologies. Comparing the research progress of related technologies helps to comprehend the current status of soil health monitoring and evaluation of various monitoring technologies. Finally, this article looks forward to the future development trend of soil ecological environment health monitoring technology. Standardization and quantitation of soil ecological environment health monitoring technology, joint monitoring of multiple biological index, enlarging spatio tempral monitoring scale by combination of remote sensing with internet of things, the above measurements should be taken to form a complete system of soil health monitoring and evaluation and well provides a basis for helping environmental management departments to effectively monitor the soil ecological environment.
Key words:  Monitoring technology  Soil health  Ecological monitoring  Evaluate