|ZHANG Yan-shen, ZHI Yan, DOU Yan, YU Fang.Study of Establishing and Improving Environmental Health Risk Assessment System in China[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2021,13(5):1-7
|关键词: 环境健康风险评估 制度建设 生态环境管理 健康管理
|Study of Establishing and Improving Environmental Health Risk Assessment System in China
ZHANG Yan-shen, ZHI Yan, DOU Yan, YU Fang
Center of Environmental Health, Chinese Academy of Environmental Planning, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing 100012，China
|Environmental health risk assessment is one of the important bases for ecological environment and health management decision making. The current situation of environmental health risk assessment in China is analyzed in terms of policy formulation, technical guidelines, policy pilot, capacity building and management application. It is pointed out that the current environmental health risk assessment system has problems such as bias in understanding of environmental health risk assessment, unclear departmental responsibilities and management needs, as well as imperfect technical system. It is proposed that ecological environment and health departments should combine their responsibilities and needs to develop relevant policies, carry out pilot exploration, and formulate specific law when it is necessary, clarify their responsibilities in environmental health risk management, carry out environmental health risk assessment closely focusing on their management needs, improve the technical specification system of environmental health risk assessment based on foreign experience, and improve the capacity of environmental health risk assessment in terms of institutional settings, technical team training, cooperation and sharing, academic exchanges, etc.
|Key words: Environmental health risk assessment System construction Ecological environment management Health management.