引用本文:杨慧慧,谢红玉,赵丁,苏智,贾滨洋.突发性水污染事故预警体系建设综述[J].环境监控与预警,2022,14(1):28-34
YANG Hui-hui, XIE Hong-yu, ZHAO Ding, SU Zhi,JIA Bin-yang.Summary of the Construction of the Early Warning Platform for Sudden Water Pollution Incidents[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2022,14(1):28-34
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突发性水污染事故预警体系建设综述
杨慧慧,谢红玉,赵丁,苏智,贾滨洋1,2
1.东南大学能源与环境学院,江苏 南京 210096;2. 成都市环境应急指挥保障中心,四川 成都 610066
摘要:
随着流域水污染事件的频发,突发性水污染事故预警平台的科学建设成为流域应急管理的重要内容。基于预警平台数据感知层、数据管理层、业务感知层的总体架构,综述了国内外突发性水污染事故预警平台的建设现状。从水质监测技术、突发事故预警模型、预警平台整体构建4个方面分析了近年来突发性水污染事故预警平台的研究进展与不足,以期为流域突发性水污染预警系统的建设提供参考。
关键词:  突发性水污染事故  流域污染  应急响应  预警平台
DOI:
分类号:X84
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0603204);国家自然科学基金资助项目(50976024);国家自然基金青年科学基金资助项目(50906013)
Summary of the Construction of the Early Warning Platform for Sudden Water Pollution Incidents
YANG Hui-hui, XIE Hong-yu, ZHAO Ding, SU Zhi,JIA Bin-yang1,2
1.School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210096, China;2. The Environmental Emergency Command and Guarantee Center of Chengdu, Chengdu, Sichuan 610066, China
Abstract:
With the frequent occurrence of water pollution incidents, the construction of a water quality forecast and early warning platform has become an important part of river basin emergency management. Based on the architecture of the data perception layer, data management layer, and business perception layer of the early warning platform, this paper summarizes the construction status of the early warning platform for sudden water pollution accidents at home and abroad. Correspondingly, it reviews the research progress and shortcomings of the sudden water pollution early warning platform in recent years from the aspects of water quality monitoring technology, accident early warning model, and early warning platform construction, to provide a reference for the construction of an early warning system for sudden water pollution in the river basin.
Key words:  Sudden water pollution incident  Watershed pollution  Emergency response  Early warning platform