引用本文:王信增,郭锐利,卓全录,王冰.濮阳市工业污染特征与产业布局调整路径探析[J].环境监控与预警,2022,14(6):88-94
WANG Xin-zeng,GUO Rui-li,ZHUO Quan-lu,WANG Bing.Analysis on the Characteristics of Industrial Pollution and the Adjustment Path of Industrial Distribution in Puyang City[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2022,14(6):88-94
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濮阳市工业污染特征与产业布局调整路径探析
王信增,郭锐利,卓全录,王冰1,2,3
1.濮阳市生态环境监控和应急中心,河南 濮阳 457000;2.濮阳市辐射环境安全技术中心,河南 濮阳 457000;3.河南省濮阳生态环境监测中心, 河南 濮阳 457000
摘要:
基于2017年濮阳市第二次全国污染源普查数据,采用聚类分析和核密度分析的方法对濮阳市行业结构特征、工业污染集聚特征进行了分析。结果表明,濮阳市支柱行业为石化行业,工业总产值占比36.92%,远高于其他行业;非金属矿物制品企业数量最多,污染物排放总量最高;颗粒物排放量占濮阳市工业污染源排放总量的33%,占比最高;非金属矿物制品业与石油、煤炭及其他燃料加工业是濮阳市废气污染物的主要来源,石油、煤炭及其他燃料加工业与农副产品加工业是濮阳市废水污染物的主要来源;濮阳市产业集聚区是污染物产排的重要区域,其污染物产生量占濮阳市污染物产生总量的95.49%,污染物排放量占濮阳市排放总量的63.05%。而非产业集聚区的污染物排放量占濮阳市排放总量的36.95%,是精准治污的重点。针对濮阳市产业结构和产业布局现状,提出,重新整合辖区非金属矿物制品业,继续做强石化行业,兼顾发展污染物排放强度低的行业;挖掘产业集聚区减排潜力,建设绿色产业集聚区是经济与环境协调发展的重要途径;非产业集聚区企业应因地制宜,政策引导,发挥中小企业自主能动性,提升环境质量。以期为濮阳市产业布局调整提供技术支持。
关键词:  工业污染特征  产业布局  污染源普查  核密度分析
DOI:
分类号:X506
基金项目:濮阳市2020年度重大科技专项资助项目(200119)
Analysis on the Characteristics of Industrial Pollution and the Adjustment Path of Industrial Distribution in Puyang City
WANG Xin-zeng,GUO Rui-li,ZHUO Quan-lu,WANG Bing1,2,3
1.Emergency and Supervision center of Ecology and Environment of Puyang City, Puyang, Henan 457000,China;2. Puyang Radiation Environmental Safety Technology Centre, Puyang, Henan 457000,China;3.3. Puyang Ecological Environment Monitoring Center of Henan Province,Puyang, Henan 457000,China
Abstract:
Based on the data of the second national pollution source census in Puyang in 2017, the methods of cluster analysis and nuclear density analysis were used to analyze the characteristics of industry structure and industrial pollution concentration in Puyang. The results show that the pillar industry in Puyang is still the petrochemical industry, the total industrial output value accounts for 36.92%, the number of enterprises in non metal mineral products industry is the largest, the pollutant discharge is the highest. Particulate matter emissions accounted for 33% of the total industrial pollution source emissions in Puyang City, accounting for the highest proportion. The non metal mineral products industry and the petrochemical industryare the main sources of waste gas pollutants in Puyang, while the petrochemical industry and agricultural products processing industry are the main sources of waste water pollutants in Puyang. The industrial agglomeration area of Puyang City is an important area for the production and discharge of pollutants. The amount of pollutants produced accounts for 95.49% of the total amount of pollutants produced in Puyang City, and the amount of pollutant discharge accounts for 63.05% of the total amount of pollutants produced in Puyang City. Incontrast to towns in industrial agglomeration areas, the emissions account for 36.95% of the total, which is the focus of precise pollution control. In view of the current industrial structure and industrial layout of Puyang City, it is proposed to re integrate the non metallic mineral products industry in the jurisdiction, continue to strengthen the petrochemical industry, and take into account the development of industries with low pollutant emission intensity, tap into the emission reduction potential of industrial agglomeration area and build green industrial agglomeration areas. It is an important way for the coordinated development of the economy and the environment. It is recommended that enterprises in non industrial agglomeration areas should adapt to local conditions, be guided by policies, give full play to the independent initiative of small and medium sized enterprises, and improve the quality of the environment so as to provide technical support for the adjustment of industrial layout in Puyang City.
Key words:  Industrial pollution characteristics  Industrial layout  Pollution source survey  Nuclear density analysis