引用本文:刘沛,黄慧敏,余涛等.我国新污染物污染现状、问题及治理对策[J].环境监控与预警,2022,14(5):27-30
LIU Pei, HUANG Hui-min, YU Tao.Present Situation, Problems and Treatment Countermeasures of Emerging Pollutants in China[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2022,14(5):27-30
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我国新污染物污染现状、问题及治理对策
刘沛,黄慧敏,余涛等1,2
1.湖南省生态环境监测中心,国家环境保护重金属污染监测重点实验室,湖南 长沙 410019;2.力合科技股份有限公司,湖南 长沙 410205
摘要:
新污染物具有生物毒性、环境持久性和生物累积性,威胁人体健康和生态环境。随着综合国力的提升和人民对美好生活的向往,新污染物治理是“十四五”及今后的重点任务。简述了新污染物的定义、分类及危害,分析了我国新污染物的分布特征,针对新污染物风险防范过程中存在的新污染物底数不清、管理水平缺乏、环保意识不强等问题。提出,开展摸底调查,提高管理水平,科普宣传等措施建议,以期为实现新污染物的风险管控和保障人民生命健康安全提供参考。
关键词:  新污染物  风险防范  措施建议
DOI:
分类号:X505
基金项目:湖湘高层次人才聚集工程-创新团队基金资助项目 (2021RC5030); 国家环境保护污染物计量和标准样品研究重点实验室开放课题基金资助项目(KF202102)
Present Situation, Problems and Treatment Countermeasures of Emerging Pollutants in China
LIU Pei, HUANG Hui-min, YU Tao1,2
1. State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Monitoring for Heavy Metal Pollutants, Hunan Ecological and Environmental Monitoring Center, Changsha, Hunan 410019, China;2.Lihe Technology (Hunan) Co.,Ltd., Changsha, Hunan 410205, China
Abstract:
Emerging pollutants show biological toxicity, environmental persistence and bioaccumulation, they threaten human health and ecological environment. With the improvement of composite national strength and the aspirations of the people to live a better life, the governance of emerging pollutants is the key task in the 14th Five Year Plan and in the future. This paper briefly describes the definition, classification and harm of emerging pollutants, analyzes the distribution characteristics of emerging pollutants in China, and puts forward measures and suggestions to carry out thorough investigation, improve management level and popularize science, aiming at the problems such as unclear base number of emerging pollutants, lack of management level and weak awareness of environmental protection in the process of risk prevention of emerging pollutants, so as to provide reference for realizing risk control of emerging pollutants and ensuring people's life, health and safety.
Key words:  Emerging pollutants  Risk prevention  Measures and suggestions