引用本文:张颖,丑立本,郭婧,于相毅等.国内外优先评估化学品筛选方法与清单概述[J].环境监控与预警,2022,14(5):10-17
ZHANG Ying, CHOU Li-ben, GUO Jing,YU Xiang-yiet al.Overview of Screening Methods and Lists of Priority Assessment Chemicals[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2022,14(5):10-17
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 765次   下载 183 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
国内外优先评估化学品筛选方法与清单概述
张颖,丑立本,郭婧,于相毅等1,2
1.污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室,南京大学环境学院,江苏 南京 210023;2.生态环境部固体废物与化学品管理技术中心,北京 100029
摘要:
优先评估化学品名录对推进有毒有害化学品的管控、保护环境和人类健康具有重要意义。综述了国内外优先评估化学品筛选方法的发展、原则和步骤,总结了筛选评估流程中重点关注的多种危害特性,比较了各国优先评估化学品名录及其在各国/组织的禁止/限制情况,并分析其在我国的生产状况。结果表明,各国家/组织共筛选出1 146种优先评估化学品,有239种在至少2个国家/组织中被列为优先评估化学物质,有208种在我国生产使用,但其中164种尚未列入我国优控化学品名录,可作为下一步风险评估的对象。邻苯二甲酸二(2-乙基己基)酯(DEHP)被所有国家/组织列为优先关注化学品,接下来应严格管控塑料制品中的DEHP,或寻找合适的替代物。研究可为我国优先评估化学品的筛选与环境管理提供参考。
关键词:  优先评估化学品  筛选方法  危害特性  名录
DOI:
分类号:X327
基金项目:国家自然科学基金优秀青年基金资助项目(21922603);国家重点研发计划基金资助项目(2018YFC1801604);中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金资助项目(021114380139);污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室基金资助项目(PCRR ZZ-202103);江苏省自然科学基金青年基金资助项目(BK20210190);环境化学与生态毒理学国家重点实验室基金资助项目(KF202108)
Overview of Screening Methods and Lists of Priority Assessment Chemicals
ZHANG Ying, CHOU Li-ben, GUO Jing,YU Xiang-yiet al1,2
1. State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China;2. Solid Waste and Chemical Management Center of Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing 100029, China
Abstract:
The priority assessment chemical list is of great significance for promoting the management of toxic and hazardous chemicals as well as protecting the environment and human health. The main objective of this study was to overview the development, principles and steps of screening methods for priority assessment chemicals, and summarize the various hazard properties that are focused on in the screening process, and then compare the list of priority assessment chemicals in various countries. In addition, it compared the status of its prohibition/restriction in various countries/organizations, and analyzed the relationship with our country's production. It is found that the list contains a total of 1,146 priority assessment chemicals, of which 239 are listed in more than two countries. Among them, 208 are produced and used in our country but 164 are not yet been listed in the inventory, and further risk assessment is urgently needed. Di (2 ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is listed as a priority chemical by all countries / organizations. Next, DEHP in plastic products should be strictly controlled or suitable substitutes should be found.This study provides a scientific basis for screening and environmental management of priority assessment chemicals.
Key words:  Priority assessment chemicals  Screening methods  Hazard properties  List