引用本文:荆春燕,黄 蕾,曲常胜.跨界流域环境管理与预警——欧洲经验与启示[J].环境监控与预警,2011,3(01):8-11
.Environmental Management and Early Warning System for Cross-boundary River Basins-Based on the Experiences of European Union[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2011,3(01):8-11
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跨界流域环境管理与预警——欧洲经验与启示
荆春燕, 黄 蕾, 曲常胜
南京大学环境学院污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室,江苏 南京 210093
摘要:
工业革命以后,欧洲流域的污染事故进入高发期,欧洲各国以流域为单位,共同商讨对策,联合开展治理工作,是流域水环境的道路很大的改善。目前,欧洲对流域的管理已经形成了一套较为科学、成熟的模式。针对中国水环境污染事故频发的状况,总结了莱茵河流域管理模式和多瑙河流域预警系统的发展经验,对构建中国流域范围内环境预警系统提出了相关思考。
关键词:  莱茵河  多瑙河  流域管理  预警系统
DOI:
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基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2008ZX07528-005),江苏省环境监测科研基金(0916),江苏省环保科研课题(2009029)
Environmental Management and Early Warning System for Cross-boundary River Basins-Based on the Experiences of European Union
Abstract:
After the industrial revolution, pollution accident had break out frequently on the major European river basins. European countries as a union discussed strategies to conduct environmental management of rivers based on river basin. Finally they significantly improved the environmental quality of the basin water. To analyze the international cross-boundary management of the River Rhine, and based on the research about the early warning system for the Danube River, the experiences of cross-boundary environmental management are summarized, which provide some references for cross-boundary management of water environment in China.
Key words:  the Rhine River  the Danube River  environmental management for the river basins  early warning system