引用本文:陆晓波1,2,傅寅1,2,张予燕1,2,喻义勇1,2,束宇3,孙娟1,2,窦艳艳1,2.春节燃放烟花爆竹对南京气溶胶细粒子的影响[J].环境监控与预警,2014,6(4):33-38
LU Xiao bo1,2,FU Yin1,2,ZHANG Yu ya1,2,YU Yi yong1,2,SHU Yu3,SUN Juan1,2,DOU Yan yan1,2.Effect of Firecracker Setting off on the Fine Particle Pollution in Nanjing during the Spring Festival[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2014,6(4):33-38
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春节燃放烟花爆竹对南京气溶胶细粒子的影响
陆晓波1,2,傅寅1,2,张予燕1,2,喻义勇1,2,束宇3,孙娟1,2,窦艳艳1,21,2,3
1.南京市环境监测中心站,江苏 南京 210013;2.江苏省环境保护城市空气环境污染预警监测重点实验室,江苏 南京 210013;3.南京市气象局,江苏 南京210009
摘要:
根据南京城区草场门与远郊固城湖大气观测点PM2.5质量浓度及组分监测结果,分析了2012年春节期间烟花爆竹燃放对城市气溶胶细粒子的影响。结果表明,春节除夕和初五烟花爆竹集中燃放时段,草场门观测点PM10和PM2.5均出现同步异常突升,且细颗粒物占比较大,PM2.5最大峰值同比远郊固城湖观测点分别高出2.79倍和6.02倍;PM2.5各化学组分中,城区草场门观测点水溶性离子K+、Cl-和SO2+4以及微量元素K、Al、Mg、Fe、Ba等值同比远郊固城湖明显偏高,春节烟花爆竹燃放对南京城区空气质量影响显著。
关键词:  燃放烟花爆竹  细颗粒物  化学组分  南京
DOI:
分类号:X513
基金项目:江苏省“蓝天工程”大气专项;“十二五”国家科技支撑计划重大专项基金资助项目(2011BAK21B03);江苏省科技支撑计划专项基金资助项目(BE2012771)
Effect of Firecracker Setting off on the Fine Particle Pollution in Nanjing during the Spring Festival
LU Xiao bo1,2,FU Yin1,2,ZHANG Yu ya1,2,YU Yi yong1,2,SHU Yu3,SUN Juan1,2,DOU Yan yan1,2
Abstract:
The study analysed the effect of firecracker setting off on the fine particle pollution in city during the Spring Festival, based on the data of the mass concentration and the component of PM2.5 on Caochangmen(CCM) monitoring station in urban Nanjing and Guchenghu(GCH) monitoring station in suburb Nanjing. The results indicated that, during the firecracker setting off on the New Year's Eve and the 5th of Jan. In the lunar calendar period, the mass concentration of PM2.5 rose abnormally on CCM station, and its actually hourly maximum concentration were 2.79 and 6.02 times higher than the concentration on GCH station. The concentration of water soluble ions(K+,Cl-,SO2+4) and the elements(K,Al,Mg,Fe,Ba) of PM2.5on CCM station were higher than the concentration on GCH station. As a result, the firecracker setting off can dramatically affect the air quality in urban Nanjing during the Spring Festival.
Key words:  Firecracker setting off  Fine particle  Chemical compositions  Nanjing