引用本文:解辉.大数据技术在环境监测中的应用[J].环境监控与预警,2016,8(4):62-66
XIE Hui.Application of Big Data Technology in Environmental Monitoring[J].Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning,2016,8(4):62-66
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大数据技术在环境监测中的应用
解辉
天津市环境监测中心,天津 300191
摘要:
简述了环境监测信息化建设应用现状及问题;分析了大数据技术的特点及其在环境监测信息化中的优势。提出,基于“大数据”技术,可以建设环境监测大数据中心,突破传统关系型数据库局限性,运用大数据的核心技术,实现环境质量综合评价技术的新突破,提升环境状况综合预警能力;应用大数据可视化技术,提高科学决策水平,提高人体健康风险评价能力;建立环保舆情分析云平台,提升公众服务能力。
关键词:  环境监测  大数据  环境质量综合评价  可视化  环保舆情
DOI:
分类号:X821
文献标识码:A
基金项目:
Application of Big Data Technology in Environmental Monitoring
XIE Hui
Tianjin Environmental Monitoring Center,Tianjin 300191,China
Abstract:
This paper described the current status and issues of information construction of environmental monitoring and analyzed the characteristics and advantages using big data technology in environmental monitoring. It was proposed that based on the big data technology, environmental monitoring big data center could be constructed to break through limits of the traditional data bank. Application of the big data core technology might find new breakthroughs in the comprehensive evaluation technology of environmental quality. The first was to improve comprehensive early warning ability of environmental conditions; the second was to use the big data visualization technology for improving in the level of scientific decision making; the third was to improve the ability of human health risk assessment; the fourth was to establish a “cloud” platform for public opinions and analysis of environmental protection in order to improve the public service ability.
Key words:  Environmental monitoring  Big data  Environmental quality comprehensive evaluation  Visualization  Environmental protection public opinion