|关键词: 环境风险评价 比较风险评价 指南 不确定性 风险交流
|Improvement of China's Environmental Risk Assessment System: Experience and Enlightenment from the United States
LV Pei-chen，LI Shu，MA Zong-wei，BI Jun
State Key Lab of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse,School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210023, China
|This paper mainly analyzed and summarized the experience of the United States in comparative risk assessment research, environmental risk assessment guidelines, and the uncertainty analysis, risk communication in the process of environmental risk assessment. Then, combined with the current situation of China's environmental risk assessment and existing problems, this paper proposed specific recommendations of carrying out comparative risk assessment research, improving the environmental risk assessment guideline system, reducing the uncertainty of environmental risk assessment and establishing an effective and feasible risk communication system, so as to improve China's environmental risk assessment system and the truth and reliability of the environmental risk assessment results.The goal of vertical reform of environmental monitoring in Jiangsu Province was clearly put forward. Therefore, it suggested clarifying the power of environmental monitoring at all levels, increasing financial security at all levels, strengthening monitoring capacity-building and enhancing the capacity of the team.
|Key words: Environmental risk assessment Comparative risk assessment Guidelines Uncertainty Risk communication